Benign Paraproxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV is dizziness, typically a short-term spinning sensation, caused by calcium particles, otoliths, that are inappropriately displaced into the semicircular canals of the inner ear.
In cases of BPPV, the otoliths become displaced. This can occur from aging, infection, unknown reasons, head trauma, or labyrinthine disease. Once the otoliths are free-floating, specific positions of the head (often times, turning over in bed, looking up/down) can cause the otoliths to send a false signal to the brain, resulting in brief, but intense periods of dizziness or vertigo.
BPPV is treated following an assessment by an otolaryngologist and audiologist to determine the specific location of the displaced otoconia. Once identified, the audiologist will perform a relatively simple procedure to resolve the condition and alleviate the symptoms. Learn more about BPPV.
Meniere’s disease is an inner ear disorder that can affect hearing and balance. Individuals often experience recurring episodes of dizziness, tinnitus, and hearing loss. It will often affect one ear caused by an increase in volume and pressure of the fluid (endolymph) of the inner ear. Learn more about Meniere’s Disease.
Vestibular migraines don’t always cause headaches. The main symptom is dizziness that can be intermittent.
Vestibular refers to the inner ear, which controls hearing and balance. If you’re having a vestibular migraine, you may feel dizziness that lasts more than a few minutes, have nausea and vomiting, feel sick or dizzy with head movement, may feel disoriented, and often have a sensitivity to loudness.
Like traditional migraines, they’re more common in women than men. Vertigo symptoms most commonly first occur around age 40. But the condition doesn’t just affect adults. Kids can get it, too! Learn more about Vestibular Migraines.
Vestibular Neuritis and Labyrinthitis
These are the result of inflammation of the vestibular nerve and can occur with or without hearing loss. Each ear has its own vestibular nerve and when a nerve is affected by inflammation, it creates an imbalance between the inputs provided to the brain. This results in vertigo, nausea, or possibly tinnitus.
Initial symptoms often present as a sudden onset of severe vertigo and/or hearing loss accompanied by nausea and vomiting lasting hours or days. The audiologist will help determine possible etiology (cause). Learn more about Vestibular Neuritis and Labyrinthitis.